Optimal functioning and denaturating of enzyms

Proteins, and certainly the enzyms, are very sensitive for the environment in which they are, in particular the pH and the temperature. They have big influence on the threedimensional structure.
Denaturation for example, is desastrous: the enzyme (a protein) loses its tertiary structure and with that, its shape. That enzyme doesn't work any more.
So, deviation of the optimal pH and temperature will cause immediately some influence on the activity of the enzym.

A couple of possibilities to change the environment: In both cases, the tertiary and maybe the secondary structure can be lost.

The figures show the sensibility of the enzyme activity for temperature and pH. (the enzyme activity is found op the y-ax)

High temperatures are desastrous for enzyms. This cooking is irreversible denaturation, unrecoverable.
Cautious and modest decrease of temperature only will decrease the enzyme activity, without any denaturation.
From that lower temperature going back to the normal temperature of 30 - 40C, the activity will recover. (just an idea: just before dying you freeze your body, hoping that in a hundred years it can be recovered)

The big part of the enzyms functions the best at pH values of about 7 (so neutral). But there are a couple of exceptions like pepsine. That one has an optimal pH value of 1 - 2.
Strong changes in pH can also denaturate an enzym. This can be reversible, but is not always.

Pepsine 1,5 in the stomach
Amilase 6,6 in saliva
Lipase 8,0 resp. 7,0 in the pancreas and in the bowels
Saccharase 7,0 in the stomach

You know that the enzyme activity depends on the enzyme surface. Denaturation includes that the shape, so also the surface of the enzyme changes.

Question 38
During the digestion in the human body, various enzyms participate, any of them at its own pH optimum:
where: enzym pH-optimum
in saliva amilase and maltase 6,6
in the stomach peptase, rennase 1,5 - 4
in the pancreas amilase, lipase, tryptase, polipeptidase 6,6 - 9
in the bowels maltase, saccharase, lactase, ereptase 6,6 - 8,5